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06 abr 2022
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In the Turkish case, the dissolution of the former Soviet Union had given Ankara greater political space not only in the Middle East, the Balkans and Central Asia, where Turkey has deep cultural ties with the newly independent countries, but also affected the Turkey's geopolitical role towards its Western allies. Furthermore, the end of the Cold War did not mean the end of the conflicts in the region (the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the Upper Karabakh war, the Chechen war, the Yugoslav civil war, the conflict between Palestine and Israel and the war in Syria, the Kurdish question, among others). This explains why Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu (2009-2014) set out to position Turkey at the heart of regional and global politics, making it a key player. Following the Turkey-Africa Partnership Summit held in 2008 with the participation of 49 African countries, a series of summits with African nations were organized as an integral part of a strategic vision of development cooperation under the coordination of Whatsapp Mobile Number List Agency and Coordination ( tika , for its acronym in Turkish). Since 2009, Turkey has gradually turned to the East, trying to build and consolidate an alliance with Russia and China. If at the beginning of the app era, the Turkish government had made efforts to improve relations with the eu and avoid confrontation with Washington, after 2009 and especially after the July 2016 coup attempt fifteen. Erdoğan's foreign policy has been based on a form of conservative and religious nationalism, and also on the diversification of economic and strategic partnerships16. Since then, the Turkish president has sought more autonomy from NATO and Western-led development models, embarking on what appears to be the end of the European illusion. After a personal alliance between Donald Trump and Bolsonaro that implied Brazil's complacency and docility towards Washington's interests, the country that was once a South American leader and a builder of North-South bridges is about to become an international pariah, in the context of important regional and multilateral negotiations. In the case of Turkey, after years of frustrated negotiations with Brussels on its entry into the eu and despite its accession to nato , Ankara is looking towards the East and perhaps could become a key ally of the Sino-Russian axis of the security and development8.
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